On the recommendation of the World Health Organization, 10 September of each year is considered to be the World Suicide Prevention Day. This day is intended to attract the attention of public administration bodies, deputies, medical workers, organizations and institutions of various departmental affiliation, public and religious organizations and individual citizens to the problem of suicidal behavior.
The global goal of the World Suicide Prevention Day is to reduce suicidal activity of the population (reduction of suicide rates).
Suicide prevention is an integral part of the policy of increasing the demographic security of the state.
Suicide is a phenomenon that occurs only among humans, is a social phenomenon and, to some extent, depends on the structure and well-being of a society, in addition, it is an individual reaction of a person to the conflict (crisis) situation, which is determined by the personal characteristics of a particular individual and occurs in any society, regardless of its political and socio-economic structure.
Suicide prevention is an uneasy, but feasible complex non-medical task, to achieve which many ministries and agencies, organizations and institutions, local executive and administrative bodies, as well as public associations and traditional religious confessions have joined forces in the Republic of Belarus.
There is no single cause of suicidal behavior. In different countries, indicators of suicidal activity vary significantly depending on the region, climatic and socio-economic conditions of residence, political situation, national and cultural characteristics and traditions, religious attitudes.
In the Republic of Belarus, for many years, planned comprehensive and multi-level work has been carried out to prevent suicidal activity of the population, uniting the efforts of the state and the society.
The Comprehensive plan for the prevention of suicidal behavior in 2009 – 2012 was successfully implemented, its implementation has helped to keep stable tendency of decrease in level of suicides among the population in the country.
By joint efforts of government agencies, institutions and organizations of different departmental affiliation, public associations, the level of suicide among the population has decreased and reached the WHO average level of less than 20 cases per 100 000 population.
Certain practices in prevention of suicides are accumulated, compiled and used, domestic instructional and methodological materials are developed and applied.
Currently, the country is implementing the Set of measures to prevent suicidal behavior of the population of the Republic of Belarus for 2015 – 2019 years, as a measure to reduce mortality from external causes, forming a certain contribution to the State program "Health of the people and demographic security of the Republic of Belarus" for 2016 – 2020 years.
The state pays great attention to the preservation and strengthening of mental health of citizens. The provision of psychiatric, narcological, psychotherapeutic and psychological assistance in the Republic of Belarus is carried out by a network of health care organizations at various levels of medical care (district, city, regional, national) in outpatient, inpatient conditions, as well as in day-care departments.
Information on the receipt of such assistance is freely available on the Internet, in the media, on the information stands of health organizations.
Taking into account the urgency and diversity of the problem of suicidal behavior of the population, the main efforts to prevent suicidal behavior of the population are focused primarily on the able-bodied, male, child and rural groups and are aimed at:
- further implementation of the Set of measures to prevent suicidal behavior of the population of the Republic of Belarus for 2015 – 2019;
- improvent of the organization of preventive measures, especially outside the health system;
- ensuring participation in the prevention of suicide of public authorities, organizations and institutions of various departmental affiliation, public associations and traditional religious organizations and increasing their responsibility for the implementation of suicide prevention measures;
- improvement of approaches to the organization and provision of necessary medical and psychological assistance to persons in difficult situations;
- changing people's attitude to their health, including mental, psychological, and increasing the level of their responsibility for their own health;
- improvement of availability of psychiatric, narcological psychotherapeutic and psychological assistance to the population in the health care system outside psychiatric health care organizations;
- improvement of the availability of psychological assistance in organizations and institutions of education and social protection;
- formation of interdepartmental approaches to suicide prevention through the joint efforts of specialists of different departmental affiliation.
Taking into account the fact that the alcoholization of the population is one of the factors contributing to the formation of suicidal behavior and the growth of suicidal activity, systematic and targeted preventive work will be continued to reduce alcohol consumption by the population of the Republic.
Adequate coverage in the various media of the problem of suicide and specific suicide-related acts is important. Media professionals can and should contribute to awareness by public of the problem of suicide and the formation of realistic, not distorted by prejudices ideas about suicide, as well as to promote the dissemination of educational information about the factors and signs of suicide risk, depression and treatment of mental disorders, methods of psychological care, to inform about the local resources of social, psychological, psychotherapeutic and psychiatric care.
Following the recommendations in the submission of material on suicidal behavior will help to minimize the harm, without leading to the rejection of coverage of the problem of suicide in general.
In the population there is a false belief that the appeal to a psychiatrist, psychotherapist, psychologist is something shameful and entails social consequences, which is a serious obstacle to the widespread early treatment of the population for the necessary help.
At the time of the emergence of mental, psychological problems, it is necessary to think about health, quality of life, and not to follow false beliefs and deprive yourself of timely assistance.
The existing system of psychiatric care provides for the establishment of dispensary observation only for patients suffering from severe, chronic mental disorders.
Applying for psychiatric, psychotherapeutic and psychological help does not entail any social consequences!
The Republic has a service of emergency psychological assistance by telephone "Helpline".
Our life is unpredictable: today everything is fine, and tomorrow something unexpected can happen that can turn our entire existence upside down.
What a person in such a situation should do, if there is no one around who could support?
Where someone who has lost a loved one, a job or property, someone who is seriously ill or has just left prison and wants to start a new life can turn for support?
For this, a service of emergency psychological assistance by phone, or, more simply, "Helplines" has been established in the country.
Experts will listen to your problem and give recommendations on how to proceed, make an appointment or tell you where to go next.
Call, you will be helped!
for adults 8-017-290-44-44 (multichannel, round the clock);
for children and adolescents 8-017-263-03-03 (round the clock).
Brest: 8-0162-25-57-27 (round the clock).
Viciebsk: 8-0212-61-60-60 (round the clock).
Homiel': 8-0232-31-51-61 (round the clock).
Hrodna: 170 for residents of the region (round the clock);
8-0152-75-23-90 (round the clock).
Mahilioŭ: 8-0222-47-31-61 (round the clock).
Minsk region: 8-017-202-04-01 (round the clock);
8-029-899-04-01 (MTS, round the clock).